Western Redback Salamander

The western redback salamander ( vehiculum) is a species of lungless salamander found in western North America, including Canada. This species is commonly found in moist, forested habitats throughout the Pacific Northwest region of Canada, including British Columbia and parts of Alberta.

The western redback salamander is a relatively small species, growing to a maximum length of about 10 centimeters. It has a dark brown or black body with a distinctive red stripe running down its back. Like other lungless salamanders, the western redback salamander breathes through its skin, which must remain moist in order to exchange gases.

Western redback salamanders are primarily found in moist, forested habitats, where they live in and under leaf litter and other debris. They are most active at night and feed on small invertebrates, such as insects and spiders.

While western redback salamanders are not considered to be endangered, their populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Development, logging, and other human activities have impacted the salamander’s habitat, and the species is particularly vulnerable to the loss of mature forests and other moist habitats.

Conservation efforts are underway to protect western redback salamanders and their habitat in Canada. These efforts include the protection of critical habitats, the restoration of degraded wetlands and forests, and the implementation of measures to minimize the impact of human activities on the salamander’s habitat.

In addition to its ecological importance, the western redback salamander is also an important cultural symbol for many Indigenous peoples in Canada. The salamander is often featured in stories and legends, and is seen as a powerful spirit animal that represents transformation and regeneration.

Overall, the western redback salamander is a fascinating and important species of salamander that plays a critical role in the ecosystems where it is found. By working to protect this species and its habitat, we can help ensure that western redback salamanders continue to thrive in Canada for generations to come.