Eastern Redback Salamander

The eastern redback salamander ( cinereus) is a small species of lungless salamander that is found in eastern North America, including Canada. This species is commonly found in deciduous forests throughout much of Canada, from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to and Ontario.

eastern redback salamanders are relatively small, growing to a maximum length of about 10 centimeters. They are typically brown or black in color, with a distinctive red or orange stripe running down their backs. Like other lungless salamanders, eastern redback salamanders breathe through their skin, which must remain moist in order to exchange gases.

eastern redback salamanders are primarily found in moist, forested habitats, where they live in and under leaf litter and other debris. They are most active at night and feed on small invertebrates, such as insects and spiders.

eastern redback salamanders are not considered to be endangered, but their populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Development, logging, and other human activities have impacted the salamander’s habitat, and the species is particularly vulnerable to the loss of mature forests and other moist habitats.

Conservation efforts are underway to protect eastern redback salamanders and their habitat in Canada. These efforts include the protection of critical habitats, the restoration of degraded wetlands and forests, and the implementation of measures to minimize the impact of human activities on the salamander’s habitat.

In addition to its ecological importance, eastern redback salamanders are also an important cultural symbol for many Indigenous peoples in Canada. The salamander is often featured in stories and legends, and is seen as a powerful spirit animal that represents transformation and regeneration.

Overall, eastern redback salamanders are a fascinating and important species of salamander that plays a critical role in the ecosystems where it is found. By working to protect this species and its habitat, we can help ensure that eastern redback salamanders continue to thrive in Canada for generations to come.